Tag Archives: Oriental

Producing the best from your Oriental poppies

Poppies are a vibrant part of many gardens, and for some of the most incredible plants of the family, Oriental poppy seeds (Papaver Orientale) can be grown and nurtured at home. Perennials by nature, these specimens are perfect in the herbaceous border and will create a serene and natural show of flowers in the spring for all to enjoy. Meanwhile, with a wide range of flower colors available, gardeners can easily incorporate them into their schemes whatever the color palette.

Germinating and growing oriental poppies (Papaver Orientale)from seed can be more difficult than many other poppies, but with the right conditions and care, healthy vibrant plants can be established. Using seed compost, seeds should be scattered generously on the surface of moist soil and not covered. However, while it is important the seeds remain uncovered by soil, they also need darkness to germinate properly. Using newspaper or pieces of card, cover the pot or seed trays at night until the first green shoots start appearing after approximately 15 to 20 days. The covering can then be removed, and seeds grown on with care to ensure that compost is kept moist and air circulation high to prevent damping off.

When plants are large enough to transplant, care should be taken not to disturb the roots as this is a particularly high cause of die-off in young Oriental poppies. They should be situated in an herbaceous border which has nutrient rich, well drained soil, and is in full sun to ensure that young plants can grow up as quickly as possible.

Providing the right initial conditions are correct, Oriental poppies will quickly begin to thrive and put on spectacular shows in the spring. Unlike many herbaceous plants which should be cut down as they fade in the fall, the best time to remove foliage and flower stalks is shortly after flowering, when poppies will begin to brown and die. With root propagation also a viable way of producing new plants, letting seed pods ripen is not necessary, and so all trace of plants should be removed back to soil level. Gardeners will very quickly find that individual Oriental poppy specimens soon start putting out new fresh leaves again, which though staying relatively small, will often remain through the winter months until the spring warmth encourages vibrant growth.

Like many herbaceous plants, the best time to divide, split, and take root cuttings from Oriental poppies is in the fall after they have flowered for the year and become almost entirely dormant. For large specimens which have been left to mature fully, simply digging up the plant will be sufficient to find rooted tubers which can be easily separated. For plants where only one root ball has developed, fleshy roots can be cut into segments of between one and two inches. Lay these just under the surface of potting compost placed into a pot, and maintain the moisture. While disturbance must be kept to a minimum, most plants will start to develop roots after only a couple of weeks, with the appearance of green shoots signaling that the propagation has been successful.

Oriental poppies (Papaver orientale) are beautiful plants that many crave to have in their garden. A border simply full of different shades of specimens provides a breathtaking and stunning sight. And with Oriental poppy seeds offering a wide variety of species to grow, gardeners can ensure that their borders are bursting with vibrancy.

So, now that you understand how easy it is to grow and care for Oriental Poppy Seeds , let me show you all the wonderful colors and varieties available in our store One Stop Poppy Shoppe.
http://www.onestoppoppyshoppe.com

Among all the rugs available, oriental rugs are the best among all the dcor items. These rugs are known for glamour and refined antiquity that makes it a perfect choice for the home owners. The oriental rugs have highly ornate floor coverings to adorn the floorings and walls of the home and widely available at the rug makers in Asia, Eurasia, and parts of the Middle East as well. These are further sub categorized in the specific sub-groups including Persian Rug, Kurdish Rug and Chinese Rug etc.
Oriental rugs are made by a number of innovative methods including hand-knotted rugs, hand-loomed, or hand-woven rugs etc. To match the contemporary life style of the people, machine-loomed rugs carry the distinction of being one of the most beautiful artwork in the crowd of contemporary rugs. In general, oriental rugs are designed with complex, ornate, and heavily pigmented ideas and available in crimson, gold, black, navy blue, or bronze colors. What make these rugs very popular are the lighter colors, open and ravishing designs and modern art themes. A complete range of oriental rugs are available in the market to make you selection feasible and perfect.
Unlimited possibilities are associated with the oriental drugs as these are made up with wool, silk, or cotton. Some best rugs of the kind are up of these materials while some other oriental rugs are designed and developed by highly advanced materials like olefin, polyester or synthetic materials. Every material is has its own qualities and internal attributes that make it suitable for all your needs.
Manufacturers are now creating traditional designs for the oriental drugs with machine loomed techniques for the domestic purposes. This is why the contemporary rugs are more affordable and highly appreciated. Some of these rugs are so beautifully made that reflect the notion of being handmade and immensely ravishing. The affordable price and eye catching color combination of these rugs are available in several formats and design options. The carpet area where visitor traffic is very high, oriental rugs is the best replacement in affordable price tag. If all you set to buy some beautiful rugs for your home in your preferred color combinations, oriental rugs are probably the best item to choose from.

For more details you can visit at Rugs

We all know how difficult it is for consumers to select an area rug for their home. This is not a purchasing decision they make every day, and therefore do not feel comfortable with it. Not having any knowledge as to the specific characteristics of a high vs. poor quality, as well as the required care and maintenance for these works of art, they often postpone their decisions or even abandon it altogether. If you find yourself in a similar situation, here are some tips that may help you make a decision:

1- Decide on the right size and color combination as the first step in this process.  With so many beautiful floor coverings of hardwood, tile, laminate, and so many others out there, you may want to use an area rug as a centerpiece rather than coverage for the whole floor. There is no set of rules indicating that some certain percentage of the floor must always be covered by a rug. Keep in mind that the measurement of a rug, sometimes displayed on a price tag, normally does not include the fringe. So add a few inches from either side if you are trying to picture a certain size on your floor.  As for the pattern and color combination, choose what you like. You will be living with your rug for a long time, so be patient when selecting the one that best meets your taste.

2- A handmade Rug made of natural wool is definitely more desirable compared to one made by machines and often using synthetic fibers in the pile. It has been proven that these fibers can be harmful to people exposed to them. You may have to increase your budget for such a rug, but look at it as an investment of a life-time, and not as gambling. Natural wool of Persian and Oriental rugs is a much better choice compared to artificial fibers of machine-made rugs. Why go with cheap imitations when the original is readily available? Although it is unlikely that a salesperson will sell you a work of reproduction or a machine-made rug as an authentic Persian or Oriental rug, always ask for a full description of the rug on your invoice.

3- If you happen to be travelling abroad and decide to buy yourself an area rug, make sure the merchant provides you with the proper documents, stating the USD value for the rug clearly as getting your rug through the customs can prove to be difficult and take a lot of time. Of course it all depends on the declared value by you. If buying locally, make sure you learn about the dealer’s return policy. An area rug can look very different once you get it on your floor in your own environment. Make sure you have the option of returning the rug if it did not work for you or for any other reason. Remember; do not settle for in-store credit. You may not be able to find anything that you really like.

4- The number of knots per square inch (KPSI) is definitely a factor in deciding the value of any handmade rug. But what is it worth to you if you get the highest KPSI in a rug on your floor, but you still cannot make yourself like it? Try not to pay too much attention to KPSI. Concentrate instead on the proper size and color combination best for your space.

5- The Use of padding underneath your rug is a good idea as it will keep it in place, preventing unwanted movement and wrinkles and, as a result, protecting your rug. However, a more important protective measure would be to keep your rug as clean as possible. Dust particles act as sharp razors once they get into the body of your rug, cutting the fibers of the pile as you step on it. Vacuum clean your rug as often as you wish, at least once a week. It will not harm your rug, only be careful not to get the fringe stuck in the cleaner as it can damage the rug. Have your rug washed professionally every few years. Do not attempt to wash it at home.

Purchasing an Oriental or a Persian rug is a time-consuming process and requires some patience. Do not forget that you will be living with your rug for many years to come. Take your time and select something in which you feel you will see something new every time you look at it. 

Rug Firm is a direct importer of fine Persian and Oriental rugs. Rug Firm offers its customers free shipping within the continental U.S., free padding with every purchase, and a 30-day risk-free money back guarantee. Professional wash and repair service of all types of handmade rugs are available.

Discount Area Rugs

Many people at one time or another wonder where they can find an Oriental carpet cleaning service in Encinitas. Many people usually find what they are looking for either by word of mouth or by searching on the Internet.They also may be looking for house cleaning services at the same time. Although these textiles are very versatile and durable, they need to be handled with care and cleaned at regular intervals throughout the year. Taking care of these textiles throughout the year will ensure their longevity and decorative look for many years to come.

Many of the professionals who perform carpet cleaning in Encinitas have specialized methods that they use to clean textiles like wool rugs and Persian rugs. These types of materials oftentimes need to be dry cleaned with a solvent based cleaner. Hex thane is a chemical used in dry cleaning machines that has the ability to penetrate the fibers of the fabric to extract any type of foreign substance out of the rug. Once the cleaning process is finished it is vacuumed out and disposed accordingly. Not all of your fine textiles will need this type of cleaning and many of them might just use the traditional process that a rug carpet cleaner does to extract soil. Along with using the traditional process of soil extraction, many times it is warranted to do some spot cleaning and pre treating of some of the dirtier areas during the oriental rug washing process.

There are different situations involved with different types of floor coverings, so it is very important that you thoroughly research the knowledge of the professionals who will be coming to take care of your fine carpeting. Sometimes depending upon the amount of soil that is involved or the excellent care that has to be done to ensure that the oriental rug remains intact and in good condition, you will need to check and make sure that they are licensed and bonded in case anything unforeseen should happen. There are also other services that are available that you can order at the time like color testing or even special dusting of your oriental rug. Color testing involves hand woven rugs that are made with vegetable dyes. During the cleaning process the dyes that are used to make the colors unique can rinse away with some of the cleaning processes of an oriental carpet cleaning in Encinitas.

Taking some time out of your busy day to look up some of the processes that are used when a house cleaning service is called to your home will give you a heads up of what to expect and when ordering you will know exactly what you need. Looking this up on the Internet will also give you an idea of the pricing that is involved with cleaning your Persian rugs and wool rugs, and what you might expect to pay for a cleaning service in Encinitas to come and do the work for you.

For more information on carpet cleaning Encinitas, please visit our website.

An Oriental rug can add charm to your residence, is going to blend with most styles, and magnify any room, hallway, or entrance. They seem to be a preferred solution when designing home offices, and are a ideal choice for heavy passage areas because of the complexities of their layouts, which help block out signs of use.

The name oriental has a bearing to rugs manufactured on the continent of Asia, such as Persian (from Iran), Indian, Chinese, and Turkish rugs. Copies of the well-liked oriental diagrams are also convenient and made by businesses in the USA, but with its head plant in Egypt.

Weaving rugs by artisans is a time honored art and the old sketches reproduce the spiritual and socializing compositions of the past in the countries or areas of origin. Several of these time honored drawings are still in use right now. A number of them are still woven by hand, knotted by hand or manufactured by means of a machine.

Florals or garden scenes are the most rooted drawings, or curvilinear or geometric designs surrounding a medallion or a painting-like scene that is put in the middle of the oriental rug. Back in the day, these rugs were manufactured with only such natural fibers as wool, cotton, silk, or goat and camel hair, or merging of these substances, but now you can acquire these rugs woven with inexpensive synthetic materials such as, polyester, olefin (polypropylene), acrylic and nylon.

Wool rugs remain the first choice in enduring, velvety, dirt-and-fire retardant, cozy rugs, but synthetic likenesses of oriental area rugs make them more friendly to the wallet. These rugs come in different shapes such as, round, oval and rectangular.
They are also available in a multitude of colors and sizes.Runners are another type of rug that are primarily used in hallways and in sites where there is a high volume of traffic.

Oriental Rugs And Picking The Right One For Your House

Take a good look at where you want to lay down each area rug. Is it going to represent your decor or connect all the components in the room? Are you going to apply it to save a section of carpet or flooring? Do I want the room to have that feeling of warmth and coziness to it? How you are going to use the rug will restrict its width, length and shape.

Take a look at these tips:

Go with a rug with which its colors are in agreement with all the other colors in your room.

If the whole carpet will be seen, medallions or middle designs are excellent choices, but if the core is going to be fully or partly unseen under a peice of furniture or perhaps a coffee table, it is better to go with a repetitive pattern or a intricate and pleasureable border.

A person with health enigmas will be grateful for rugs with natural fibers being that they don't send forth damaging or harmful chemicals into the air as synthetics do.

With the beautiful colors and busy layouts can make an oriental rug the main attraction in a room, but if the room is vivid with intricate drapery and upholstery fabric designs, choose minimal designs and faint colors.

If you choose to have two different rugs in one room, make sure the colors and layouts mix together and enhance each other.

Consider These Cost Options and Differences

It is not as hard as you may think to track down good quality, low cost area rugs with oriental layouts. When you shop online, you purchase from online sellers who can offer discount and lower costs because there are minimal overhead debts and no salespeople to pay. As well as paying on the internet, here are other ideas that can make the oriental rug of your dreams affordable:

An antique rug is the most expensive and should have paper work showing that it is genuine; copycats are reasonably priced.

Manufactured rugs using synthetic materials are going to cost less than the ones made from natural fibers.

Handmade, hand woven, and hand knotted rugs constructed by skilled workers are more long lasting and are going to be more valuable than machine woven and knotted.

A rugs quality can be measured by counting the knots that are in a square inch. The rug's value increases as the count gets higher.

Very involved and uncommon layouts are going to be at a premium.

Depending on where the oriental rug was made will have a bearing on the price.

Whether you pay for a authentic antique oriental wool rug that has been hand woven and hand knotted in Isfahan, or you incline toward a polypropylene machine woven rug with an oriental art work produced in North America, you will be adding beauty, warmth and comfort to your home.

Does your room look like it is missing something? Try a handmade Oriental Persian Rug or one of the many different styles of Area Rugs. They brighten a room as well as add coziness and style to the decor.

Oriental rug cleaning may not be different from other types of rug cleaning. In handling oriental rugs, however, much care and precaution should be observed. This is because authentic oriental rugs are made by hands either by knotting or weaving the pile. 

Oriental rugs that are made by machine or hand-tufting or any other methods aside from hand weaving and hand knotting are not considered genuine oriental rugs.

Oriental rugs are truly attractive. The life and beauty of these rugs depend on their cleanliness and how they are taken care of. Generally, cleaning an oriental rug is done every 3 to 5 years depending on how frequent it is used and how much foot traffic it handles.

Some owners determine the thickness of the dirt of their rugs before they clean them. One way of doing this is by lifting a part of the rug, and tap or rub the pile for a few seconds. If your hand is covered with dirt or when a cloud of smoke appears, then the rug needs cleaning.

In cleaning the rugs, you have to remember that most dyes of oriental rugs are acid-fast. Hence, in preparing for a cleaning solution, add a little amount of white vinegar to the water solution to make it more acidic. In turn, this will reinforce the bond between the wool in the rug and the dyestuff, thereby, preventing the colors from running.

Also, in blotting out the stains or dirt, use absorbent towels or non-shedding, firm sponges. Using a stiff brush will only pull the fibers off the pile. The pile must not be scrubbed hard either. Sponge where the direction of the nap goes, and put a few towels under the stained spot to keep the floor from getting wet. Then dry thoroughly.

Depending on the substances that stain the Oriental rug, the procedure for cleaning may vary. If it is pet stool or regurgitation of pet wastes, it is best to act immediately by taking out as much of the stool as possible. Use paper towels or clean white cloth.

If it is possible, use a spoon to scrape up everything from the rug. Then, using a rug shampoo, or cleaning solution, blot the area and sponge it gently.

Urine from pet or a tot is among the problems hard to deal with in Oriental rug cleaning. This is because the acidity in urine can cause severe color run in your rug, plus, the odor is hard to remove. Rugs that are stained with urine are more likely to get damaged because the chemical structure of the rug may change, causing the foundation less supple and hard. Moths are also attracted to the odor of urine.

As much as possible, avoid having urine or food spill to regurgitate on your rug as they can cause the rug to lose its mechanical strength. Eventually, the rug will crack and break as you roll or fold it. If it is a small rug, you can take it outside and wash down the stain with water from a hose, without making the whole rug wet. Oriental rug cleaning can be a laborious task. But it sure makes your rug longer lasting.

 

Do you know how to do Cleaning oriental rug? Do you know there are proper ways to do it so that rugs may last longer? We at Sears Home Services have the expertise and experience to clean and preserve your oriental rugs. We also offer carpet cleaning and home furnishing cleaning. Visit the website at http://www.searsclean.com/ to know more about our services.

As Oriental rugs have become more popular throughout the years, there are Oriental rug cleaning services to keep them beautiful. Although they are very versatile and durable, these rugs need to be taken care of with a little maintenance from us and a cleaning service once in a while. Lets get some information about these rugs and how to take care of them.

First of all, lets learn how these rugs are put together. These rugs are set apart from other ones. They are made of wool and sometimes silk and then usually hand knotted to the foundation of the rug. On average, this rug can exceed 100 knots per square inch. There is a lot of handwork, not machines putting many hours of work into this to make it look perfect.

Not only are Oriental rugs durable, people will see that there are array of colors and designs to make them stand out and be beautiful in the middle of the room catching everyones attention. It will definitely add elegance and beauty to any special room in the house. The bright colors are either natural dyes which have been used for a really long time that are pretty delicate or synthetic dyes which are relatively new. This carpet can fade if not taken care of properly. It is best to keep these carpets away from direct sunlight so it doesnt fade. Also, the use of strong chemicals or commercial brand cleaners on it can damage the natural dyes.

When it comes to the point where the rug really needs to be cleaned as it is collecting dirt, there are websites that actually specialize in these types of rugs. There will be a few cleaning services out there, unless a friend or relative recommended a cleaner, then it will probably be best to do some research on these companies. Check to see how long the cleaner has been in business and what their process is to cleaning the carpet and prices. There are companies that will come and pick up the customers rug depending on location, or they will give instructions to have it shipped to them and once it is all cleaned, it is shipped back.

This is just a little information about Oriental rugs and what to do to take care of them properly. Once your carpet needs to be cleaned, read about oriental rug cleaning to get more information about the whole process to keep your rug in good condition.

For more information on Oriental rug cleaning, please visit our website.

Oriental carpet will be great choice of home accessories that surely will make your interior decor more attractive. However, the attractiveness will be easily gone when bad odor develops from this home accessory. Usually, odor is developed from dust, high humidity, or from any spilled things such as sauce, coffee, ice cream, or even pet urine. Whenever you smell and notice the odor in your carpet, you should immediately clean the carpet to remove it. Here are some simple tips that you can follow to easier you removing odor from this home accessory.

Before start cleaning the carpet, you need to prepare some supporting things. They are water, vinegar, sponge or brush, rug shampoo or liquid soap, and also duster. You can start cleaning as soon as those supporting items are available.

The first thing to do is dusting the carpet. It will be useful to make your oriental carpet free from any dirt, debris as well as crumbs before you start to deep clean it. You can use your duster to remove all dirt on your carpet.

Second, find out certain spot where the odor comes from. Mostly, odor comes from any stained area that might resulted from any spilled sauce, coffee, or many other else. Focus on cleaning the smelly spot if the odor comes from that certain area. However, if the entire part of your carpet is smelly, you need to clean the entire part carefully.

Third, you need to shampoo the rug by using a mixture of cool water and liquid soap or specific rug shampoo. Coat the entire part of the rug. Then, you can scrub it gently with your sponge or brush. Do not scrub it too hard since it might makes the fine fibers of the carpet damage. Then, rinse it with clean water to remove the residue of the soap, and air-dry it.

Fourth, rinse the carpet by using vinegar. You can mix a cup of white vinegar with a gallon of cool water first, and then use it to rinse the rug well. Vinegar will help you to remove and neutralize the odor well. Then, you can air-dry the carpet again.

If you do not have enough time to clean the carpet, you can also try to contact a professional carpet cleaner company. They will help you a lot in removing the odor well and professionally. Just try those tips and see how beautiful and odor-free your oriental carpet will be.

One of the simplest ways to keep your clean carpet odor-free is maintaining its cleanliness. Therefore, providing oriental carpet cleaners in your home is a very great idea to allow you get higher easiness in cleaning your carpet regularly and easily. Since there are many types of cheap carpet cleaners, you can easily find the best one that suitable with your requirements.

When considering glorious bedding units to go well with one's bedroom, most people would instantly think about the theme and elegance of the bedding set. It is because a comfortable and trendy bed room provides a calming feeling to an otherwise exhausted body. Additionally, bedrooms that look very inviting give peace of thoughts to the homeowners of the home, as they know that they can let their guards down and relax as soon as they set foot inside their bedrooms. It's for these reasons that selecting the suitable fashion and theme of the bedroom to match the taste, preferences and attitudes of the owners of the house should be given top priority.

If you're into something classic and Victorian, then you must search for the bedding units that can be capable to match up the Victorian style of your house. If you're into the more trendy strategy, you can at all times go for the minimalist model of beddings. But if you're into the distinctive, oriental method, you can all the time strive oriental bedding that's commercially available.

Like what the name suggests, oriental bedding is made up of various Asian styles and themes. They are very distinctive, luxurious and give off a sense of eloquent beauty. But why is oriental bedding popular?

The most effective answer to this question is because of the beddings' refined elegance. The magnificence portrayed by oriental bedding faithfully follows the reasoning that 'less is more.' In an easy and more tangible manner, the simplicity of a bedroom and the bedding will yield better sleep.

More often than not, the explanation why people don't get enough sleep is because an excessive amount of ornament - e.g. decorative pillows, several wall decorations and busy headboard - tend to take up area and crowds an individual unconsciously. The best factor to do, then, for the qi or the life power to penetrate within the room is to take down all of those designs. This fashion, the life force will be capable of move freely inside the room to create a more vibrant and relaxing atmosphere.

This is essential as a result of Asian philosophy believes in harmony and steadiness with nature. The qi, or the life force, is what offers individuals a feeling of serenity and contentment. It is also believed to be the pressure responsible for inducing good dreams. When a bedroom is not in harmony with the remainder of the home, then the qi becomes trapped and stagnant. Although many individuals is not going to purchase this principle, it's still an undeniable fact that this principle has been the idea of design in the East, and that it has been prevalent for over thousands of years already.

With oriental bedding, you can convey these Asian components straight into your bedroom. The first thing that you will need to do is to change the mattress to a simpler yet elegant design. To make it look more Asian, you possibly can select oriental bedding with trademark panda and koi pond designs, or you may merely choose those with bold colours and accents.

For extra Oriental Bedding information go to the Oriental Bedding website.

It is commonly thought that area rugs are simply any rug that is made in the orient. While that is true to an extent, true oriental rugs must be made in a certain way and out of certain material to be considered a true oriental rug. Many American manufacturers and other manufacturers outside of Asia try to pass off rugs that resemble oriental rugs as real oriental rugs, when they are nowhere close to the real thing. Authentic oriental rugs are made by hand and are made out of sheep’s wool or sometimes cotton.

Real oriental rugs are never made out of synthetic material, as fake oriental rugs are made out of. Authentic oriental rugs are made by hand using a specific weaving process that creates the unique and beautiful patterns that oriental rugs are so well known for. The fakes, on the other hand, are made by machine. Too often, authentic rugs and the machine made rugs are sold together, but no matter how authentic a machine made rug may look, it is not an authentic oriental rug.

     

Authentic oriental area rugs are mostly made in parts of Asia, including China, Nepal, India, Iran, Tibet, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and some countries in Africa including Egypt and Morocco. Some oriental rugs are even made in Spain. The production of the Oriental rug dates back centuries. It is not known when the first Oriental rug was made, but a carpet that dates as far back as 400 BC was once discovered. A special technique that can only be done by hand is used to make oriental rugs. This technique includes attaching the nap of the rug to the base threads using a special knot, which cannot be replicated by machine. This special hand knotting technique is what makes oriental rugs unique. While machines can replicate the look of oriental rugs, they cannot replicate the special care and attention human hands can give to the creation of an oriental rug.

When shopping for an oriental area rug Louisville, make sure that it is made of sheep’s wool and not synthetic materials like polypropylene or polyolefin. Any rug made in America, Italy or Belgium will most likely not be an authentic rug. Also, price makes a big difference. Oriental rugs made out of synthetic materials are much less expensive than rugs made out of organic materials. Since authentic and machine made rugs are often sold together, it is important to pay special attention to the materials and the appearance of the rug.

Oriental rugs can be found a variety of retailers, so choose wisely when purchasing an oriental rug. The best way to find an authentic oriental rug may be to shop at an ethnic or Asian market. Ordering from overseas retailers is also a good bet. They are very much sought after because they have a deep history and are considered works of art. Many also think of oriental rugs and the “king” of all rugs. Obtaining one of these can add a one-of-a-kind, mesmerizing work of art to your home décor or personal collection. 

Learn how to get finest and high quality hand-knotted area rugs that will transform your house into a home with the beauty of an Oriental Rug. To learn more about Oriental Rugs, visit http://www.anabelsorientalrugs.com and see the largest collection of handcrafted area rugs in Louisville to make you choose from hundreds of fine quality area Oriental Rugs.